Biological potential for the slash pine ecosystem

by Boyce, Stephen G.

Publisher: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station in Asheville, N.C

Written in English
Published: Pages: 29 Downloads: 487
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  • Pine -- United States.,
  • Slash (Logging)

Edition Notes

Summary. Ecological Restoration and Management of Longleaf Pine Forests is a timely synthesis of the current understanding of the natural dynamics and processes in longleaf pine book beautifully illustrates how incorporation of basic ecosystem knowledge and an understanding of socioeconomic realities shed new light on established paradigms and . Turkeys prosper in well-managed longleaf ecosystems that have adequate L ongleaf pine ecosystems are extremely diverse. However, because of the overall reduction in total longleaf acreage,many of the plants and animals that are associated with this ecosystem have been adversely impacted. Numerous plant and animal species are endemic to longleafFile Size: 8MB. few longleaf pine achieve their biological potential because thelongleaf pine wiregrass ecosystem evolved in an environment influenced bycatas- trophic disturbances, such as damaging tropical storms and wildfires, and localized mortality from lightning strikes. The rich biological diversity in this ecosystem is maintained by a combination of. “Nutrition and fertilization of slash pine.” In: The managed slash pine ecosystem. Stone, E.L. (ed.). June 9–11, Gainesville, FL: School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida: 69– Rowan, S. J. “Fertilizer-induced changes in susceptibility to fusiform rust vary among families of slash and loblolly.

On sandy, well-drained sites, this disease causes growth loss or kills trees. It is most often associated with thinning of loblolly, longleaf, shortleaf, slash, and white pine plantations. Slash and loblolly pines are the most commonly planted species in the South and are both very susceptible to ARD (Robbins , Stambaugh ). Efforts are being made to restore longleaf pine ecosystems within its natural range. Some groups such as the Longleaf Alliance are actively promoting research, Class: Pinopsida. For wetland applications, observed or modeled water table depth data are required to drive the soil redox potential dynamics. Wetland-DNDC runs at a daily time step, and produces daily and annual results of forest growth, net ecosystem C exchange, fluxes of CO2, CH4, N2O, NO, N2, and NH3 emissions, and N leaching from the rooting by: 6. potential, productivity, and sustainability. •2. Describe the role of disturbance in ecosystem structure and function. •3. Discuss disturbance theories and concepts. •4. Describe disturbance regimes that influence Utah and Great Basin Size: 9MB.

The total biological potential of forests is much greater. Our general conclusion, therefore, is that the biological productivity of the commercial forest lands of the United States is such that, where economic and social conditions permit, the net realizable growth of these forests could be doubled within half a century by the widespread. The longleaf pine ecosystem used to stretch from Virginia south to Florida’s Panhandle and west to Texas, arguably the largest single-species forest ecosystem in the world. Once covering ninety million acres, longleaf defined the Old South. these changes will result in substantial increases in potential loblolly pine and slash pine plantation productivity, ranging from 5–35% depending on emissions scenario, species, and location. • Forestry is unique in that it is one of the few File Size: 1MB. Start studying Weeks EVR. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What are the potential benefits of using a water-based ecosystem to define South Florida How would you describe the geographical distribution of longleaf and slash pine in South Florida? long leaf is found in the north slash.

Biological potential for the slash pine ecosystem by Boyce, Stephen G. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Biological potential for the slash pine ecosystem Author: Stephen G Boyce ; Joe P McClure ; Herbert Sigfried Sternitzke ; Southeastern Forest Experiment Station (Asheville, N.C.). Biological potential for the slash pine ecosystem / by Stephen G. Boyce, Joe P. McClure, and Herbert S.

: Stephen G. Boyce. Biological potential for the loblolly pine ecosystem east of the Mississippi River / (Asheville, N.C.: Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, ), by Stephen G. Boyce, Herbert S. Sternitzke, Joe P. McClure, United States Forest Service, and N.C.) Southeastern Forest Experiment Station (Asheville (page.

Biological potential for the slash pine ecosystem / (Asheville, N.C.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station,), by Stephen G. Boyce, Herbert S. Sternitzke, Joe P. McClure, and N.C.) Southeastern Forest Experiment Station (Asheville (page images at HathiTrust).

Cropper W.P. () Modeling the Potential Sensitivity of Slash Pine Stem Growth to Increasing Temperature and Carbon Dioxide. In: Mickler R.A., Fox S. (eds) The Productivity and Sustainability of Southern Forest Ecosystems in a Changing Environment.

Ecological Studies (Analysis and Synthesis), vol Springer, New York, NYCited by: 3. Commercial uses: Slash pine is used for reforestation projects and timber plantations throughout the southeastern United States. Its pines produced turpentine and crude rosins used for a variety of purpose (i.e., poles, railroad ties, pilings, turpentine, and rosin).

Wildlife uses: The slash pine seeds are an excellentFile Size: 98KB. We need fundamental biological knowledge to understand the processes that affect the fecundity, establishment, and development of plants and plant communities in longleaf pine ecosystems.

We will then better understand how native vegetation responds to natural disturbances in terms of growth, vigor, disease resistance, and longevity. This improved. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS Slash and loblolly pine in the coastal plain of the southeastern U.S.A. are not growing at their maximum biological potential.

Eleven- to fold in- creases in volume can be obtained within the first 4 years of a stand's estab- lishment by weed control and by: Slash Pine Ecosystem” was published. It was evident in that loblolly pine was becoming the species of choice where either species could be planted, especially in areas where fiber-volume production was a.

One of the greatest threats to the native ecosystems in any part of the world is the invasion and permanent colonization of ecosystems by non-native species. Florida is no exception to this biological invasion, and is currently colonized by an extensive variety of exotic plant species.

One of the scientific bases for why ecosystem collapse tends to catch humans by surprise is pretty interesting with regard to the O&C checkerboard forest lands of western Oregon.

Natural ecosystems tend to be very resilient, accommodating heavy damage and still recovering, up to typically somewhere between 50% and 90% damage. Pinus elliottii, commonly known as slash pine, is a conifer tree in the Southeastern United pine is named after the "slashes" – swampy ground overgrown with trees and bushes – that constitute its habitat.

Other common names include swamp pine, yellow slash pine, and southern Florida pine. Historically, slash pine has been an important economic Clade: Tracheophytes. Although potentially reaching ages of` years, few longleaf pine achieve their biological potential because the longleaf pine wiregrass ecosystem evolved in an environment influenced by catastrophic disturbances, such as damaging tropical storms and wildfires, and localized mortality from lightning by: NUTRIENT DYNAMICS IN SLASH PINE PLANTATION ECOSYSTEMS Paperback – January 1, by et al Gholz, Henry L.

(Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Pamphlet Author: et al Gholz, Henry L. Native grasses are keystone species in Ponderosa pine ecosystems.

They prevent erosion, facilitate water infiltration, provide wildlife habitat, control fire movement, and prevent excessive numbers of trees from becoming established.

2 Pine Ecosystem Conservation Handbook for the Gopher Tortoise The Pine Ecosystem Conservation Handbook for the Gopher Tortoise was made possible by a grant from the U.S.

Fish & Wildlife Service. The Gopher Tortoise Conservation Initiative brings together American Bird Conservancy, the American Tree Farm System®, Environmental Defense, Forested.

Nutrient Dynamics in Slash Pine Plantation Ecosystems Ecological Archives. Gholz. Search for more papers by this author Local and general above-stump biomass functions for loblolly pine and slash pine trees, Forest Ecology and Management,Potential impacts of afforestation and climate change on the stream water chemistry of the Cited by: CHAPTER 4 UNITED STATES TIMBER POTENTIAL TIMBER PRODUCTION UNDER INTENSIVE MANAGEMENT A wide variety of opportunities exists for increasing timber production through intensive management (Ostrom and Gibbs ).

The principal approaches include: (1) improving the site through cultivation. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE: Loblolly pine is the leading commercial timber species in the southeastern United States [3,7].Three-quarters of a million acres (, ha) are harvested each year for lumber and pulpwood [].Most harvested pines are under 50 years old [].After 36 years, an even-aged planted stand can yield 5, to 6, total cubic feet per acre (.

Biological Information. Plant Communities: Longleaf slash pine savannah ecosystem. Included in the overstory are longleaf pine (Pinus), slash (P. elliottii var. elliotti) and pond (P. serotine) pines, and cypress (Taxodium distichum) SAF Cover Types (list acres): Longleaf Pine Slash Pine.

83 Longleaf pine-slash pine JO 84 Slash pine JO 85 Slash pine-hardwood JO Although there are few studies documenting the impacts of climbing ferns on native plants and ecosystems in the southeastern U.S., Pemberton, Robert W. The potential of biological control to manage Old World climbing fern (Lygodium microphyllum), an invasive.

The longleaf pine ecosystems are one of the most important forest ecosystems in the US due to their rich biological diversity (Kirkman and Jack, ). They. North Sandlin Bay Ecosystem Restoration Biological Assessment 3 loblolly pine because it is a fast-growing species, as was the case for this site.

However, research has shown that loblolly pine is vulnerable to Southern Pine Beetle (Dendroctonus frontalis) and is at higher risk of damage from wind storms.

I contend that restoration of longleaf pine in slash pine plantations will require retention of a fraction of the current slash pine canopy to produce enough needle cast to carry ground fire through the stand. In cooperation with the U.S. Forest Service, I monitored the results of 3 timber treatments in slash pine by: 1.

Priceless Florida presents the incomparable ecological riches of this unique region in a way that will appeal to young and old, laypersons and scientists.

A cornucopia of colorful illustrations and exquisite photos makes you feel you're there. The comprehensive text enlightens with facts and brims with intriguing curiosities while bridging multiple fields in a crisp, readable style that only /5(2). Species selection also influences the products produced.

Longleaf pine may be preferred if high-quality sawlog and pole production is the primary objective. If maximum fiber yield is required, loblolly or slash pine might be favored. Loblolly pine is the most commonly planted, with limited acreages of shortleaf pine, slash pine, and longleaf.

constituent species (longleaf pine and slash pine) to create optimum understory light regimes so that the objectives of sustainability and productivity can be achieved in these ecosystems.

Ajay’s future research will include how the understory characteristics, regeneration and seedling growth are related to light transmittance. Costa, R., and Jordan, N. Biological opinion on all section 10(a)(1)(A) management, monitoring and research permits issued to all private, state and federal agencies and individuals involved with management, conservation and recovery of the red-cockaded woodpecker throughout the range of the by: 7.

As people have found more uses for forests, the field of silviculture--the collected methods of establishing and maintaining communities of trees and other vegetation--has grown and diversified.

This book describes the resulting variety of silvicultural methods, but recommends no one philosophy or methodology. Rather, it reflects the author’s belief that all the tools of. are ever likely to reach this biological potential.

Not only does longleaf pine outlive the other south-ern pines by – years, it continues to grow and respond to release even at older ages.

In one of the first studies to examine the growth of longleaf pine, Chap-man () examined the timber tallies of ha of. (IMPAC) to evaluate the biological growth potential of southern pine forests (Jokela and Martin ).

An IMPAC research site was established approximately 10 km north of Gainesville, Florida (’N, ’W), in a recently burned and harvested slash pine forest. Mean annual precip-itation is mm and mean annual temperature is 21 8C.Biological Survey report listed the longleaf pine ecosystem as the third most endangered ecosystem in the United States (Noss et al.

). In recent years, recognition of the value of the longleaf pine ecosystem has motivated widespread restoration efforts throughout the southeast. One of the biggest obstacles to.Seeing longleaf pine forests today, many natural resource specialists often (erroneously) assume that the species is relegated to dry sandy ridges or steep south facing slopes.

On the contrary, areas too steep, too dry to farm or too poor to grow loblolly or slash pine are, for the most part, merely a vestige of the richness that once was the.